Brick is one of the most enduring building materials. Despite being in use for over five thousand years, it has managed to retain its charm and functionality. Today, it is useful for many purposes, one of such is building walls. Brick walls have a simple and classic appearance that complements the surroundings. However, making this wall is a technical work usually requiring a bricklayer. This doesn’t mean you can’t do some bit of it yourself, especially the small tasks. In this piece, we highlight the major steps of how you build your wall yourself.
Stage 1 – Prepare the Wall
Get the right bricks. Depending on where you’re erecting the wall, you can use severe weathering, medium weathering, and no weathering bricks
Make sure the size and shape of the bricks you get will do the job. Factor in the space that the mortar will take.
Dig a long rectangular trench as the foundation. You need a footer made of concrete. The depth will be determined by the height of your wall and the load-carrying capacity of the soil.
Affix wooden stakes that are the height of the bricks and mortar space into the soil, all at the same level. The stakes should have about 2-4 feet gap between them. Once this is done, leave out space for your bricks and layer the trench with concrete.
Allow the concrete to dry for a few days.
Fix gauging rods to ensure walls are level.
Stage 2 – Building The First Row
Get the equipment. This includes a trowel, hammer, and chisel for cutting the bricks, string line, brick jointer, etc.
You can place the tarp or plywood at the base of the wall.
Use a string line attached to the guideposts at the ends of the wall to ensure your work is straight.
Mix the mortar, a combination of sand and cement. You can also add a plasticizer.
Soak the bricks in water and let drip dry. Their wetness will allow the mortar bonds to form correctly.
Lay mortar along the base of the foundation and place your bricks on it. Press the bricks down with a little force and ensure it is level and straight with the string line.
Always scrape off excess mortar.
When laying the next brick on the row, coat its end that will attach to the previous brick with mortar before pressing it into place.
Always ensure the bricks are evenly laid by using your tape measure and the line.
Stage 3 – Adding New Rows
Stagger your bricks. This means a brick on the next row sits on two bricks in the row below it. Doing this means starting every other new row with half a brick on both sides.
Build the ends of the wall up a course higher than you’re working on, this will help you stay level while you lay the bottom row bricks.
From here, all you have to do is repeat the process.
Stage 4 – Finishing Touches
Once at the top, you can finish off in unique styles to compliment your work
Fill the gaps in the wall with mortar
When the mortar has hardened a little, run a brick jointer along the joints, and use a brush for the wall to smoothen it.
Protect your wall by covering it on the first night.